A Study of Students’ Difficulties in Structure and Written Expression on Paper-Based TOEFL

  • Faishol Hadi STKIP Al Hikmah
Keywords: TOEFL Structure and Written Expression, Students’ Difficulties

Abstract

The aims of this study is to investigate student’ difficulties in Structure and Written Expression on Paper-Based TOEFL. The subjects of this study were ten students of English Department STKIP Al Hikmah Surabaya. This study used qualitative research method. The researcher used TOEFL test and interview in collecting the data. The study found the most students’ errors were from five item of TOEFL test, they were invert subject and verb. Multi clauses, reduced clause, form of the verb, and adjective and verb.  This research also showed that the main factor causing students’ difficulty in TOEFL was lack of grammar.

References

Iskandar Abdul Samad, Miftahul Jannah, and Siti Sarah Fitriani. (2017). Efl Students’ Strategies Dealing With Common Difficulties in Toefl Reading Comprehension Section. International Journal of Language Education, 1.1
King, Carol., & Nancy Stanley. (1996). Building Skills for the TOEFL Test. Malaysia: Longman
Richards, J.C. (1971). A Non- Contrastive Approach to Error Analysis. Journal of
ELT. 25, 204-219.
Rizki Ananda. (2016). Problems With Section Two ITP TOEFL Test’. Journal Studies in English Language and Education. 3.(1), 37 https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v3i1.3387
Xin Zhuang. (2008). Practice on Assessing Grammar and Vocabulary: The Case of the TOEF. US-China Education Review. 45-57
Zaidoon Abdul Razaq Abboud and Nagham Ja’far Hussein. (2011).The Difficulties Faced by Advanced Iraqi Foreign Learners in Passing ITP TOEFL Test. Journal of Basrah Researches, 110–138
Published
2020-07-30
How to Cite
Hadi, F. (2020). A Study of Students’ Difficulties in Structure and Written Expression on Paper-Based TOEFL. Journal of English Language Teaching and Islamic Integration (JELTII), 3(02), 304 - 314. Retrieved from http://e-journal.hikmahuniversity.ac.id/index.php/jeltii/article/view/297